School of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
>>>Homepage of the school
The School of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering of SJTU grew out of the
corresponding Department of Naval Architecture established in 1943. The School is now
composed of 2 department, 5 research institutes and a state key laboratory, i.e. Dept. of Naval Architecture
and Ocean Engineering, Dept. of
International Shipping, Design Institute of
Ship and Ocean Engineering, Institute
of Ship and Ocean Engineering Structural Mechanics, Institute of Ship and
Ocean Engineering Hydrodynamics, Institute
of Underwater Engineering, Institute
of Harbor and Hydraulic Engineering and the State Key Laboratory of Ocean
Engineering. The Institute of Marine Engineering and Electrical Equipment is on the
way to be established. The Administration Office and Education Affairs Office of the
School are in Charge of Dealing with the routine tasks of the School.
The total number of the staff in the School reaches 112, including 25
professors, 27 associate professors, 6 lecturers, 9 assistant,15 senior engineers and
senior laboratory engineers,17 engineers,16 technical workers, 9 officials and official
The School of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
takes the training of qualified personnel in multi-level as one of its main tasks. Besides
the undergraduate programs in corresponding specialties, master and doctor programs have
been established in the related departments and institutes as well as a post-doctorate
program at the school level. Carrying forward the fine tradition of Jiao Tong University
for education, the School devotes much attention not only to training of students in basic
theory and practical experience, but also to the training of students in quality and
ability. Emphasis is laid on strengthening the relevant disciplines and the formation of
qualified teacher teams in the School. Academic research echelons with rational age
composition, led by well-known professors, have been formed in each corresponding branch
In order to adapt to the development of the shipbuilding industry and the
exploitation of the ocean, extensive basic and applied researches have been actively
carried out in the School. The School is also engaged in the corresponding industrial
application and development and undertakes many vital research projects for projects for
related state ministries and industrial enterprises actively. The research scope of the
School covers many important areas, for example, merchant ship and warships, exploitation
and production of ocean oil, harbor and coastal engineering, ocean environment and
The School pays great attention to the international academic exchange
and scientific research cooperation. The School has become a member of the International
towing Tank Conference (ITTC) since 1978 and a member of Advisory Council of ITTC since
1987. Two professors of the School are the technical committee members of the
International Ship and Offshore Structure Conference (ISSC). Good relationship for
academic and personnel exchanges has been established between our School and a lot of
corresponding Schools and/or departments of well-known universities abroad. Recently, the
international research cooperation of the School is increasing, and School gets involved
in the competition in the international market for science and technology.
With the efforts paid during the past 50 and more years, the School has a
world-widely well-known base for qualified personnel train and scientific research with
complete branches in the field of naval architecture and ocean engineering, excellent
research facilities and powerful ability for education and scientific research. The School
is now playing a more and more important role in the development of the shipbuilding
industry and offshore industry of China.
Tel: 86-21-62933184, 62933181
The Department of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering offers two
specialties. i.e. Ship Engineering and Onshore & Offshore Engineering. The specialty
of Ship Engineering was established in 1943 while the specialty of Onshore & Offshore
Engineering (formerly named as Ocean Engineering) in 1985. For more than 50 years since
its founding, the Department has trained a great amount of senior technical and
administrative personnel for the different departments of our country, such as the
shipbuilding industry, the Navy of P.L.A. the National Defense Committee of Science and
Industry, the offshore oil industry, the classification society and the communication and
The Department has a high qualified faculty and abundant facilities,
and employs a number of internationally or nationally famous professors represented by
Prof. Yang You, an academician of the Academy of Science of China.
In addition to the two undergraduate specialties, the Department also offers two master
and doctor stations. i.e. the Design and Manufacture of Ship & Offshore Structure, the
Mechanics of Engineering, and a post-doctorate station of the former.
The Department pays attention to the training of students in
fundamental knowledge. Besides the study of professional knowledge, the students are also
offered special courses in management knowledge, computer skill and foreign language
abilities. Through a whole set of teaching and learning practices, the students can have a
good understanding of the society, be familiar with the production and value the
integration of theory with practice.
The length of undergraduate schooling in the department is four years. During the
university time, the students have 34~40 obligatory courses, 12~15 elective courses and 6
courses in moral education.
The graduates from the Department are mainly engaged in various ships and offshore
structures research, design, production, survey and trade. They can also undertake
shipping management, offshore oil and gas exploration, etc.
In addition, the Department has been authorized to train engineering masters for the large
sized national enterprises. An engineering mastership station has recently been
established in Dong Ying, a city in Shan Dong Province, and has formally enrolled students
from Shen Li Petroleum Administration.
The Traffic Transportation (International Shipping Management)
specialty of Shanghai Jiao Tong University was established in 1995 with the approval of
the National Education Commission and became a new department of the school of Naval
Architecture and Ocean Engineering. In 1997, the first graduates were recruited by the
companies including COSCO Shanghai. Shanghai PENAVICO. Guangzhou Shipping Stock Company.
Pacific Insurance Company. COSCO Shanghai International Intermodal Limited Company etc.
After strict examination and interviews.
The International Shipping is a wide-reaching subject, which relates to
Foreign Trade. Insurance. Finance. Law. Politics and wither subjects. The specialty
focuses attention not only on professional knowledge training, but also on training
students more adaptable to the environment and future challenge through learning and
joining social activities. Moreover the International Shipping Computer Center of the
department was seen set up to offer a good opportunity for the students to improve their
computer knowledge and skills.
As a cradle of excellent administrative personnel, the International
Shipping Department, specializing in Ocean Transportation Works. Trade and Operation of
Ships and Shipping Economic, educates students with solid bases, practical skills and
professional knowledge in Shipping Business. Ship Engineering, International Trade and
Laws, Maritime Code, Shipping Management.etc.
Most of the students are engaged in shipping management, international
trade forwarder and agent, marine insurance, maritime judgement, etc. After their
During their four years studying, the students will learn 34 to 40
required courses, 12 to 15 elective courses and 6 moral education courses. In the
meantime, they will take part in all kinds of practical activities, three months specialty
practice and graduation practice.
To improve the teaching level, teachers of International Shipping
Department are diligent both in teaching and research. They can undertake research tasks
and training activities regarding Ocean Shipping, Forwarding, Ship Trading and Agent with
high quality and efficiency.
The Design Institute of Naval Architecture and Ocean
Engineering is formed by merging the original four divisions, namely, surface warship
design, merchant ship design, marine technology and ocean engineering. Owing to its both a
high level of ship theory and a wealth of design experience, the institute is one of the
master and doctorate station first approved by the State Council. For more than forty
years since its founding, the institute has trained a great amount of senior scientific
personnel for the national industries of shipbuilding, communication and transportation,
navy equipment, ocean development, etc, and has also obtained many high level scientific
In the sector of ocean engineering, incorporated with a variety of
practical project, many types of drilling and production platforms gave been studied and
developed for years, such as the bottom-supported living and powering platform, the
shallow water modular platform. Cheng bei 11A wells and the offshore oil field floating
production system, thus contributing to the exploration and production of shallow water
oil. At the same time, the theory of platform designing gas been expanded and the
practical experiences enriched. Particularly, the extreme shallow water walkable
bottom-supported platform Victory II, jointly developed with Shingle oil
field, was appraised as one of the Top Ten National Scientific Achievements In 1992 and
awarded the First Prize of Science. And Technology Advancement within the Petroleum
Ministry of China, the Golden Medal of the International Fair and the Second Prize of
In the sector of ship design and new ship type development, more than 40
ships have been developed and designed, among which the following ships are still in use:
car ferry, 700dwt large hatch collier, high speed traffic boat, patrol boat, pleasure
boat, tug, floating crane, 5000dwtocean going cargo ship,11000dwt coastal timber carrier,
10000dwt class shallow-draft, full ship 1500 berth coastal passenger catamaran, 300 berth
inland water way passenger catamaran,1000~1500dwt class river-ocean cargo ships,100TEU
container ship, single engine mated twinpropeller tug, etc., thus making a contribution to
the development of the national ship-building industry. In addition, following researches
were also carried out: 1000~3000TEUlarge container ships, 238000dwt tanker, 120000dwt
barge carrier, 10000dwt ultra-shallow-draft full ship, 150000dwt single engine mated
twin-propeller shallow-draft tanker, high performance ship, etc.
In the aspect of advanced manufacturing technology in shipbuilding,
efforts are devoted to the implementation of group technology, modular design and modular
construction. So far as CAD is concerned, there is a computer aides ship design laboratory
which has developed a lot of software these years, such as the integrated systems for
ocean going cargo ship design and for multi-purpose cargo ship design, mathematical hull
lines design, ship performances calculation and computer aided plotting. The National
Education Council enlarged its investment the laboratory's capability of CAD/CAM gets on
In the aspect of technology-economy analysis and design optimization of
water transport system, such as the shipping system of imported phosphate, research tasks
of many practical shipping systems were entrusted with, The macro-analysis of Yangtze
River ship types and so on have provided the relevant departments of the State with an
important basis for their decision making.
Following project offers are mostly: Preliminary design, detailed design
and work drawling design for all types of merchant or navy ships, Research on and
development of new ship types, CAD of merchant or navy ships, Calculation and analysis of
merchant or navy ship performances, Reliability verification and engineering design of
various offshore structures and design of various ocean engineering ships, Research on
outfitting and painting technologies for all types of ships and platforms, Research on and
development of shipbuilding group technology and production design in shipyards.
Institute of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
Structural Mechanics (SNAOESM) is developed from the Division of Naval Architecture and
Ocean Engineering Structural Mechanics .Now it has a faculty of 28 among which 20 are
professors, associate professors or senior engineers, and 4 professors are/were members or
chairman of ISSC technical sub-committee.
Authorized by the National Academic Degrees Committee. INAOESM offers
doctor degree programs and master degree programs, and has formed the first engineering
doctor and first woman-engineering doctor in Shanghai. In 1988,it was approved to be the
national key subject, and in 1989 it was appointed to be post-doctorate station. Up to
now, it has formed more than 100 masters, more than 30 doctors and several post-doctor
SNAOESM attaches great importance to developing scientific research
activities, including both basic theory and applied technology. Its research scope has
being enlarged and adjusted in the last decades, and covers nearly all aspects relevant to
naval architecture and ocean engineering, such as ship, submarine, submersible ocean
platform, pipe engineering, shore structure etc. presently, the main research directions
in SNAOESM are structural dynamics, fluid-structure interaction analysis, computational
structural mechanics, fracture and fatigue, optimization for engineering structure,
reliability analysis for engineering structure, plastic limit analysis for structure,
structure strength, structure test technology etc.. In 90s,alot of research projects
are undertaken, and most of them are supported by the National Natural Science Foundation,
the Nation Defense Science and Technology Committee. China Shipbuilding Company and some
other big enterprises. Many analysis codes on different ship and ocean engineering
structures have been developed, such as the prediction system of structural strength.,
vibration and stress analysis for large container ship; structural optimization design and
analysis system for large tanker; FEM analysis integration system for large tanker;
analysis system for the direct design method on ship structure; strength analysis system
for submersible ocean platform; fault diagnose expert system for ocean platform;
prediction system for the vibration of warship stern etc.
The research projects in SNAOESM also come from other industry domain for
example navigation, satellite, civil skyscraper, waters conservancy engineering. Recently
many research tasks related to national key project have been undertaken, such as the
study on the dynamic math model for ship lifting of Three Gorges in Yangzi River; the
whole static analysis for YUN-7 airplane; study on the strength of high voltage wire;
strength and vibration analysis for the Santana car.
The institute has a modern and advanced structural mechanics laboratory.
In the middle of 80's, the laboratory facility was extended. A structural static and
dynamic loading system MTS (US) was introduced. Conjugated with two-4900KN/cm2
high-pressure tanks and 9m*15m test platform, the in-time control and analysis with 2
channels can be realized, by which, static dynamic and fatigue tests for large structures
can be carried out. Beside, other facilities for experiment include two set instruments of
photoelasticity, two sets of data gathering system, electric magnetic exciters from 9.8N
to 490N, etc.
In 90's, with the renewing of the structural mechanics laboratory, new
equipment and instrument are introduced, including some advanced computer station. ZONIC
system of structural dynamic signal gathering and analysis in-time with multi-channel,
stimulation device for the multi-freedom sloshing of tanker, static strain gages
instrument with multi-channel, portable static strain gage instrument, and many modern
structural analysis codes (such as MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/DYTRAN, SYSNOISE, SESAM, SAFEHULL,
SHIPREGHT, ANAYSYS etc.). And a comprehensive test and analysis system is formed.
Up to now, more than 20 monographs and textbooks are issued and hundreds
scientific papers are published in relevant academic journal. The following research
projects are awarded.
The Walking Platform SHENGLI No.2 for Shallow Sea (National Patent Gold
Award, 92 China Ten Science and Technology Achievements, National Creation Award of
Second Class, Award of Science and Technology Progress in Oil and Natural Gas Company).
The New Technology for Ship Launching (First Class Award of National
Science and Technology Progress).
Strength Analysis and Structural Design System for Tubular Joints of
Ocean Drilling Platform (Second Class Award of National Science and Technology Progress,
Second Class Award of Science and Technology Progress by National Educational committee).
FEM System for Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Structure (Third
Class Award of National Science and Technology advancement).
Vibration Analysis and Noise Control for Warship Stern (First Class Award
of Science and Technology advancement by People Liberation Army of China).
Theoretical Analysis and Test Study for Static and Dynamic Characters of
solar Energy cells in FENG-YUN No.1 Weather Satellite (First Class Award of Science and
Technology Advancement by Educational Committee).
CHEN-DAO No .1 Oil Extraction Platform (First Class Award of Science and
Technology Advancement by Oil and Natural Gas Company).
INAOESM can offer the following service:
Theoretical research and software development for the
static and dynamic characterics analysis for naval architecture and ocean engineering
Model test and sue measurement for the static and
dynamic characterics analysis for naval architecture and ocean engineering structures.
Analysis research and test for the strength. Thtigue
reliability vibration of other engineering structure.
Monitoring device development for the characterics of
naval architecture and ocean engineering structures.
Training for the senior researchers and test
Technology consultation and adviser.
The Institute of Ship and Ocean Engineering
Hydrodynamics is one of the doctor s degree programs in the first batch approve by
the State Council, and is a member of the Advisory Council of International Towing Tank
Conference. The institute is engaged in basic and applied research of hydrodynamic
characteristics in naval architecture, ocean engineering, port and water conservancy
engineering, petrochemical industry, electric, civil and environmental engineering. The
research work is focused on computational method, software development and experimental
technique, training of highly qualified scientific and technical as well as management
personnel .It is the earliest base of education, research and experimental equipment and
instrument development in ship and ocean engineering hydrodynamics field in China with a
history as long as 37 years.
There are 10 staff members in the institute, including
6 professors (5 doctor advisers among them), 2 associate professors, 1 lecturer and 1
assistant. The institute has compiled or written more than 20 textbooks of undergraduate
and graduated level in shipbuilding.10~20 papers are presented or published at conferences
and/or in magazines at home and abroad every year. The institute undertakes 10~20 contract
projects of basic and applied research, new product development from different state
ministries, research institutes, industries annually.
It has accepted several visiting scholars and research cooperators from
Japan and Sweden and has sent 8 persons, more than 30 person-times, abroad to lecture,
study, or to take part in joint research projects or supervise graduates.
The research or production projects undertaken by the institute from
related ministries have made a positive contribution to the academic level and industrial
development. For example, the research of wave loading of a offshore platform and its
motion response, the floating transportation, barge transportation and launching research
of jacket, the capsizing mechanism of offshore platform, the experimental research on
hydrodynamic coefficients of manned or unmanned submersibles, the experimental research
and simulation of ship maneuverability, the orthogonal experimental research of the rudder
form with high effectiveness, the research of ship energy saving methods, the research on
utilization of wave energy as hydrodynamic force and wave power generation installation,
theoretical investigations into unsteady propeller performance prediction, research on the
highly skewed controllable pitch propeller with minimum excitation forces, the computer
software development of 3-D source distribution of wave loading for large scaled objects.
Particularly, researches on high speed boat performance, large full ship forms, ducted
propeller with simplified profile and controllable pitch propeller series, anti-rolling
tanks, propeller excitation forces as well as cavitation noise and erosion of submarines
and other ship propellers have achieved great success. The institute has won more than 30
advanced science and technology awards from the State Council and its ministries.
The institute has close relationship with towing tank, cavitation tunnel
and ocean basin in our college. Experimental investigations can be carried out jointly.
The institute is able to provide following technical services:
Theoretical investigations and software development of
hydrodynamic performances for naval architecture and ocean engineering or other
Model experimental research, full scale tests of
hydrodynamic performances for naval architecture and ocean engineering or other
Project evaluation and performance design and
calculation for all types of ships.
Design of measuring instruments or equipment for ships
or other engineering fluid mechanics.
Training of senior and intermediate research personnel
and experimental technicians.
Providing technical consultation or part-time
HUANG Xiang Lu, Professor, Born in 1933, Graduated from Sshanghai Jiao
Tong University. Seakeeping quality of ocean going ship, Hydrodynamic problem in ocean
engineering, the most interesting problems: Statistical theory of ship and ocean structure
motion in waves, the nonlinear problem in the motion response of ship and ocean structure
ZHU Wenwei, Professor, Born in 1940, Graduated from Sshanghai Jiao Tong
University. The Experiment researches, Simulating calculation, Prediction and Design of
ship manoeuvrability; The experiment and rimulation researches of marine manoeuvere and
oscillating in waves; The calculating and controlling of manoeuvering of marine vehicle.
MIAO Guoping, Professor, Born in 1948, Ph. D, Chalmers University of
Technology. Theory of water wave dynamics and its application in engineering.
TAO Yaosen, Professor, Born in 1934, Graduated from Sshanghai Jiao Tong
University. Ocean wave energy utilization h;ydrodynamics, the hydrodynamics characteristic
of wave energy absorber, ship anti-rolling tank and ship seakeeping.
The Underwater Engineering Research Institute was
founded in 1986. Its predecessor was Teaching & Research Section of Underwater Vehicle
Design & Construction and Deep Submergence Research Division. The Institute is divided
into General Design Research Division, Mechanical & Electrical Engineering Research
Division, Deep Submergence Laboratory, etc. Its subordinate Nan Yang International
Underwater Engineering Inc. Serves as a window and bridge connecting both domestic and
The Institute has formed a technical echelon with high theoretical
background and strong scientific research capability, including 6 professors, over 10
associate professors and senior engineers, 15 lecturers and engineers, and several
technicians and senior workers. As one of the influential research and development bases
of submersibles and underwater engineering both at home and abroad, the Institute has not
only rich experience in general design, performance and structure of submersibles, but
also quite good capability in the research of mechanical & electrical equipment of
submersibles. Its 2000m deep sea environmental simulation installation and 40Mpa high
pressure chamber can be used for research and development of submersibles various
equipment and structure and its submersible maneuverability testing tank for
research and experiment of submersibles performance. Marine Human Engineering
Laboratory which is now in construction will undertake research in human factors and
The Institute also offers both undergraduate and graduate programs (for
doctoral and master degrees).
The main research and design areas are as follows: research and design of
manned submersibles; ROVs and other underwater work systems; research and design of
structure, performance, mechanical & electrical equipment of underwater carriers;
reliability of ship systems, marine human engineering, etc..
The Institute was the major participant and technically responsible unit
in the design and development of Chinas first manned submersible. Since the reform
and opening of our country, the Institute has made a break-through progress in the
development and research of ROVs in cooperation with partners both at home and aboard. It
has developed Chinas first ROV "HR-01", ROVs of observation
"JH-01", "SJT-5", 6000m deep sea observation system, ROVs of workhorse
"SJT-10", "SJT-40", etc.. There ROVs are widely used in offshore oil
exploration and in the inspection of inland reservoirs, river dams and submarine pipelines
and highly appraised by customers.
The Institute has successfully developed various underwater hi-tec
products, such as manned submersibles, ROVs, submarine cable burying devices, etc., among
which the manned submersible "7103" has won National First Grade Prize for
Scientific & Technological Achievement of China; ROV "JH-01" won Third Grade
Prize for Scientific & Technological Achievement of Water Conservancy Ministry; other
projects, such as "Mine-lifting devices", "Software for submarine
Design", "Deepsea Envionmental Simulation Installation" have won the prize
for Scientific and Technological Achievement of Navy and former Ministry of No.6 Machine
Building Industry. "MG-1" Submarine Cable Burying System designed and developed
by the Institute has won the Third Prize for Scientific and Technological Achievement of
Ministry of Post and Telecommunication.
Areas for cooperation include:
Research and development of various manned
submersibles ROVs and other underwater installations;
Design and contracting of various underwater working
systems and surface supporting equipment;
Contracting of research development, experiment,
computation and consultation of ship and ocean engineering projects;
Training of ship and ocean engineering operators and
The Institute was established in 1989. It is mainly
based on the specialty of coastal and oceanographic engineering of Shanghai Jiao Tong
University. With the development of national economic construction, a great many coastal
and oceanographic engineering projects (e.g. harbors, navigational channels, bridges, wave
breaker, reclamation, shipyard, artificial islands, seabed oil pipelines, power plants,
oil platforms, coastal defense and coastal and oceanographic pollution, etc.) are being
undertaken. The international community has paid increasing attention to the exploration
and usage of coastal and marine resources, forming a new subject known as coastal
The institute has undertaken a lot of scientific and technological
research projects.(For example, Three Gorges shifter, dynamic analysis of submarine
pipeline, etc.).Currently, the institute is undertaking research projects supported by the
National Natural Science Foundation, the State Education Committee, and the Shanghai
Scientific and Technologic Committee. The main research fields of the institute are:
Coastal and estuarine hydrodynamics (wave, current sea
level and salt water intrusion)
Coastal, estuarine and offshore sediment processes
Coastal, estuarine and oceanic pollution
The designation and construction of coastal
architectures, including harbor, dock, etc.
Coastal and estuarine evolution and regulation of
Reclamation of tidal flat
The new technology and methods of coastal and
estuarine field measurement.
The State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering in
Shanghai Jiao Tong University which is authorized by the state authorities concerned, is
mainly composed of four divisions as the ocean engineering basin, the ship model towing
tank, cavitation tunnel and structure dynamic loading system. The aim of the laboratory is
to promote the development of naval architecture and ocean engineering.
The work of the State Key Laboratory Ocean Engineering is managed by the
director it and appraised by the academic committee which is composed of famous experts of
ocean engineering. There are now 34 staff members in the laboratory, including 12
professors, 4 assistant professors and 18 engineers.
The facilities owned by the laboratory enable researchers to conduct
investigations in various aspects such as hydrodynamic loads, motions and structural
dynamic responses of ships and ocean engineering structures under the influence of various
environmental conditions, the mechanism of the cavitation erosion and noise of propulsive
devices and hydrofoils, the maneuverability of shallow-draft ships, the loading capacity
and dynamic analyses of various structures. Hence, the research scope of the laboratory
covers several main aspects in naval architecture, ocean engineering and underwater
technology ,for instance, hydrodynamics, structural mechanics,design and technological
The State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering is a laboratory for public
use. Both domestic and overseas research scholars and engineering experts engaged in the
previously mentioned research fields are encouraged and welcome to carry out cooperative
research programs in the laboratory. The laboratory is also willing to undertake vital
research projects entrusted by domestic or overseas organizations on the practical
engineering problems concerning the exploitation lf offshore oil and gas, deep-sea mining,
shipping and shipbuilding industries.
Recently the laboratory have achieved many engineering research projects,
"Experimental study on two points mooring system
of a storage tanker", Project from Bohai Offshore Oil Co.china,
"Model tests of FPS for thee Liuhua 11-1 oil
field", Project from Reading and Bates Development Co.Houston U.S.A (owner-AMOCO),
"LNGC and VLCC Ship model free running
maneuvering tests in the ocean engineering basin"
"Project from West Japan Fluid Engineering
Co.Japan and"Model tests of 50 kDWT tanker multi-point mooring terminal",
Project from Qinzhou Asia Pacific Infrastructure Corp.Guangxi China
The ocean engineering basin, which is the main part of the State Key
Laboratory of Ocean Engineerings 50m in length, 30m in width and 6m in depth.
Various ocean environments can be simulated in the basin. The main equipment are as
(1) Powerful hydraulic wave maker of dual-flap type, by which both regular and irregular
long crest waves can be generated with the maximum wave height up to 0.6m.
(2) Wind generating system with axial fans, with the maximum wind speed up to 10m/s.
(3) A large area false bottom (28m*26m), by means of which the water depth can be adjusted
between 0 and 5m with the adjusting rate of 3m/hr.
(4) Large span X-Y direction towing carriage, with maximum speed of 1.0m/s
(5) Auto data acq